German and English similarities 2023

German and English similarities 2023

These article is on German and English similarities. There are more similarities than there are differences because German was the root language for English.

While there are certainly a lot of similarities between German and English, there are some parts of the languages that are very different.

If you are adult learner with no previous knowledge of German language, than this article is for you. It will provide all the basics of German Language with comparison of English Language. So you can easily relate German Language with English.

My aim is to give you idea how Language works, so that you can get quick overview before you start learning the German Language. And i assume that you know English Language very well.

Guten Tag, wie heißen Sie? (Good afternoon, what is your name?)

Woher kommen Sie, Herr Musil? (Where are you from, Mr. Musil?)

Entschuldigung, sprechen Sie Deutsch? (Excuse me, do you speak German?)

Examples: for Informal way, you can use du.

Was kaufst du online? (What do you buy online?)

Gehst du nach Hause? (Are you going home?)

Currency German vs English

In English, you say one Eurotwo Euros. Not in German! It’s always just Euro in German. That would apply for other currency dollar also.

Examples:

Der Tee kostet sieben Euro! (The tea costs seven euros!)

Die Milch kostet zwei Euro: (The milk costs two Euros.)

Same Words English vs German

Before you start learning German, you should know that you already know some German words without actually being aware of it.

Many words share the same roots, such as word and Wort, or house and Haus.

Many words, such as Football and Sandwich are the same in English and German.

There are the same or very similar words in English and German. While, You should start with these words.

  • active: aktive
  • acute: akut
  • adapter: Adapter
  • address: Adresse
  • affair: Affäre
  • agent: Agent
  • alcohol: Alkohol
  • altar: Altar
  • anarchy: Anarchie
  • angel: Engel
  • architect: Architekt
  • army: Armee
  • athlete: Athlet
  • baby: Baby
  • balcony: Balkon
  • banana: Banane
  • bank: Bank
  • battery: Batterie
  • bear: Bär
  • bed: Bett
  • bitter: bitter
  • blind: blind
  • blue: blau
  • boat: Boot
  • bus: Bus
  • bread: Brot

There are more similar words in between German and English as given below:

  • cafe: Café
  • calendar: Kalender
  • calorie: Kalorie
  • camera: Kamera
  • candidate: Kandidat
  • cannibal: Kannibale
  • cannon: kanone
  • card: Karte
  • creative: kreativ
  • date: Datum
  • disco: Disko
  • discussion: Diskussion
  • doctor: Doktor
  • drink: trinken
  • drug: Droge
  • dolphin: Delphin
  • dock: Dock
  • discipline: Disziplin

German and English similarities

German and English are very close to each other. Here are some major similarities:

  • Both languages use the Latin alphabet.
  • Normally, sentences follow Subject-Verb order.
  • Questions have Verb-Subject order or Adverb-Verb-Subject order.
  • Both languages have prepositions, conjunctions, adverbs, nouns, verbs, interjections, pronouns, and adjectives.
  • The indirect object usually comes before the direct object.
  • There are contractions in both German and English.
  • Many words share the same roots, such as word and Wort, or house and Haus.
  • Many words, such as Football and Sandwich are the same in English and German. As you can see, German is very much like English.

Differences between German & English

There are, however, differences between German and English:

  • German has genders; every noun is either masculine, feminine, or neuter.
  • German has three different words for “you”, while English has only one. There are even four if you count the impersonal “man”.
  • German has more verb forms than English.
  • German has more letters than and different pronunciations from English.
  • German is the only known written language where all nouns are capitalized, regardless of whether or not it is a proper noun.
  • Sometimes in German the verb will be the last word of a sentence.
  • There are no helping verbs in German.
  • Adjectives will have different endings based on the noun they are modifying in German.
  • German is more ‘guttural’. In German, you talk in the back of your mouth.
  • “I” (ich) is only capitalized if it is the first word of the sentence.
  • In German, there are four cases; in English, there are three.

You can contact here, if you need help or have any questions about German or English. While, you can write questions in comment box section also.

Akwaowo Akpan
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