GRE Scores: Know How are Your GRE Scores Calculated

The GRE test is the globally recognized standard entrance test that is accepted for enrollment in graduate business programs, graduate courses, and MS programs at international universities. The verbal and quantitative components of the GRE exam each have two of these so-called “portions” sections. Now, only the GRE test that is given electronically is eligible for adaptive testing. Adaptive testing controls the second question’s difficulty level based on how well the first one performed.

Questions of a suitable complexity make up the first section of both the verbal and quantitative sections. Based on the test-takers’ performance in the prior one, the second measure presents either simple, modest, or complex problems. Understanding the GRE scoring methodology will help international students prepare their answer strategy for the computer-based GRE test. You can ace your paper by carefully examining the GRE scoring structure, comprehending the section-level adaptation approach, and learning about section-by-section scoring.

Do you know why your GRE test marks vary?

The final GRE score calculation involves more than simple addition of numbers. The procedure is quite systematic and uses the two accuracy processes of section-level adaptability and equating.

What is section-level adaptability?

The GRE’s computer system keeps track of test-takers’ response times and skill levels as they attempt questions. The monitor modifies the test’s level of difficulty based on how well they can respond. By doing this, you will be evaluated based on the questions you respond to and the level of difficulty you worked on.

  • The number of questions correctly answered are the raw scores.
  • There are no deductions made for wrong answers. However, multiple answers to one question or unanswered questions cause deductions.
  • The final score is then equated to the level of difficulty one has answered upon.
  • Each section of the GRE is presented with a score range. Students who score within the range secure a  GRE percentile and a ranking. Using this score, students can enroll in various colleges abroad.

For example, if you score 163 in Verbal Reasoning & 167 in Quantitative Reasoning, you can apply for an admission in Princeton University.

How are GRE scores calculated per section?

SectionScore Range
Verbal Reasoning130-170, 1 point increment
Quantative Reasoning130-170, 1 point increment
Analytical Writing0-6, half point increment

As previously established, the Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning sections of the GRE have a score scale of 130-170, with 1 point increments, while the Analytical Writing section has a score scale of 0-6, with half point increments. Your overall score is determined by adding the scores.

For Example: A scale from 260 to 340 is used to compute the overall GRE score. Since the verbal and quantitative reasoning portions are scored on a scale of 130 to 170, respectively.

Therefore, if you receive a verbal reasoning score of 145 and a quantitative score of 150, your overall score is 295.

GRE Scores Calculation for Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative Reasoning:

The following is a list of the numerous elements that are taken into account while determining your Verbal Reasoning and Quantitative GRE scores based on your answering skills:

  • Number of questions you answer
  • Speed of answering
  • Difficulty level of answering
  • Questions in Verbal Reasoning tests you on your ability to comprehend passages and answer
  • Quantitative test questions are based on mathematical problems and statistics
  • Both the sections have a score range between 130-170

GRE Scores Calculation for Analytical Writing:

The analytical writing test looks at the student’s ability to think critically, to write analytically, and to articulate difficult ideas effectively. An examiner and an automated e-rater both mark the essays.

  • If the score given to you by the examiner and the computerized e-rater are similar, then the average of the two becomes your score. However, if the scores vary, then another examiner is appointed to mark your essay and your final score then is the average of scores marked by both the human examiners.
  • The average score of the two essays is your final score for the Analytical Writing section.
  • The scores are marked in a 0-6 range.
Score LevelTest Assessment
Score Level 0The examinee’s analytical writing skills cannot be evaluated because the responses merely attempt to copy the assignments, are in a foreign language or display only indecipherable text.
Scores 0.5 and 1Fundamentally flawed – content that is extremely confusing or mostly irrelevant to the assigned tasks; little or no development; severe and pervasive errors that result in incoherence.
Scores 1.5 and 2Displays serious weaknesses in analytical writing. Serious lack of analysis or development; flawed structures or language usage.
Scores 2.5 and 3Limited analysis or development; weak control of sentence structure or language usage, with errors that often result in vagueness or lack of clarity.
Scores 3.5 and 4Provides competent analysis of ideas; is adequately organized; demonstrates satisfactory control of sentence structure and language usage, but may have some errors that affect clarity.
Scores 4.5 and 5Provides generally thoughtful analysis of complex ideas; develops and supports main points with logically sound reasons and/or well-chosen examples; is generally focused and well organized.
Scores 5.5 and 6Sustains insightful, in-depth analysis of complex ideas; develops and supports main points with logically compelling reasons and/or highly persuasive examples; skillfully uses sentence variety and precise vocabulary to convey meaning effectively.

To give you a clear idea, here is a table of tentative average GRE score range you might have to aim for in Verbal and Quants to secure an admission in colleges abroad. Please note that these are tentative values and might vary from course to course or university to university.

Example: To attend a B-school abroad, you must aim to secure a Verbal Reasoning score 150 & about 153 Quantitative in your GRE.

What is a good GRE score?

The universities you’re aiming for will determine what a decent GRE score is. However, achieving a score of approximately 300 is considered to be a good score by ETS and other organizations. Therefore, you will still receive a GRE score of roughly 300 if you obtain a verbal score of 150 (46th percentile) and a quantitative score of 153 (49th percentile).

Different universities have different requirements. Their acceptance rate can help you with your application. For example, Harvard accepts an average quantative reasoning score of 167 and verbal reasoning score of 160 for admissions. Applicants at Princeton will be accepted with a verbal score of 162 and a quantitative score of 166.

If you want your GRE score to fall inside the 90% range, you must receive marks in both of these subjects that range from 160 to 166.

Applying to institutions comes next when you obtain your test results. However, you must confirm the accuracy of your GRE scores if you require some time off or want to take a break.

How long is my GRE score valid?

Within 15 days of the exam, students taking a computer-based examination receive their GRE results. While it often takes students who take exams that are delivered on paper six weeks to obtain their test results through mail.

About five years are allotted for the validity of GRE scores. In other words, if a student takes the GRE test on August 1, 2021, he or she can use those results up until July 31, 2026, to get into the college of their choice. Students have the opportunity to enroll in their preferred university in around five years thanks to the GRE score validity period. Additionally, it offers students the necessary time to retake the test if they are dissatisfied with their GRE exam overall score.

However, if you’re wondering how long your GRE score will be accepted by universities, read on. The solution is difficult and arbitrary. Although ETS believes that students should be given a five-year validity term for their GRE scores, not all universities concur. You should be certain of the validity of the score for the university, acceptance dateline, and additions when picking your university because some universities accept GRE scores within a timeframe of two to three years.

All about sending GRE scores:

GRE score reports are accessible online for you following the exam. Your registered address also receives a copy of your scoresheets in the mail. After taking the test for 15 days, students receive their GRE score reports. Scales are printed on the score sheets to reflect your overall GRE score for easier comprehension.

The Test takers ScoreCard (GRE Scorecard) and the Graduation Institute ScoreCard are the two different types of score sheets that ETS produces (Recent GRE Test Scorecard). These are both legitimate GRE score reports for you, with only a small difference between them.

Test-takers Score Card:

This is a GRE score card with your complete GRE record.

What does it contain?

  • Identity information (Name, Contact, Gender, Intended Graduate Major)
  • Most recent GRE score (Verbal Reasoning , Quantitative Reasoning and Analytical Writing, along with score percentiles for each of them)
  • Test scores history: Dates, Scores and Percentages of previous GRE Scores
  • Scores of any GRE subject tests attempted
  • List of scores, dates and schools you might have submitted your scores to

Sample Score Card:

Graduation Institution Score Report:

This is a personalised scorecard with all the relevant information you would select during the test.

What does it contain?

  • Identity information (Name, Contact, Gender, Intended Graduate Major)
  • Most recent GRE score (Verbal Reasoning , Quantitative Reasoning and Analytical Writing along with score percentiles for each of them)
  • In this scorecard, you have the same information as the test-takers score card. The difference though is that only the GRE test scores that you have selected to submit to multiple universities are published here.

For instance, if you don’t want to share the results of your prior GRE tests, choose the option for the MOST RECENT test, and the scorecard that is generated will only include the results of the most recent GRE test you took.

Sample Score Card:

How to send my GRE scores to universities?

Students can use ScoreSelect, a service offered by ETS, to send their GRE scores to their selected universities quickly. However, students can use the same tool to judiciously plan delivering their GRE total score updates.

  • Pick the information you wish to submit to universities using ScoreSelect.
  • Using the same, GRE aspirants can send their marks to four universities for free.
  • Selected colleges receive your scores after 10-15 days of your examination.

You can select to send the GRE result to the university ON THE TEST DAY or AFTER THE TEST DAY with ScoreSelect’s free submission to institutions.

ScoreSelect options you get on the test day:

  • Send NO scores
  • Send ALL scores from the last 5 years
  • Send only the MOST RECENT score

ScoreSelect options you get after the test day:

  • Send ALL scores from the last 5 years
  • Send ANY scores from the last 5 years
  • Send MOST RECENT score

Students can be guaranteed that the chosen universities are informed if they select any of these score submission alternatives. However, it is advised that you make a good decision and submit your score to colleges that offer the courses you want to take.

How much does it cost to send GRE scores to universities?

You can use the ETS services to send GRE scores to more than four universities. But following that, you’ll have to pay a fee for reporting your GRE results. You must pay USD$27 to send your GRE scores to each college you choose to apply to.

How to send GRE scores for free?

Investigate the universities that accept your scoring range and the expected range of your score. Send your GRE result for free with ScoreSelect and fix on the top four universities.

Keep in mind that you need to stand out from the crowd to get the best while planning your route to different institutions throughout the world. A solid GRE scoring strategy is therefore necessary. It will assist you in pursuing admission to the college of your choice. Examine your college possibilities, have your score scale research handy, and send scores to get a place.

Frequently Asked Questions About How GRE Score is Calculated

Ques. What is the total GRE score?

Ans. You can obtain a maximum GRE score of 340. (170 each in Quantitative and verbal reasoning, with a 6 in Analytical writing).

Ques. What is the good score for GRE exam?

Ans. A typical GRE score is in the 75th percentile, and a 90th percentile score is exceptional.

Ques. When will I receive my official GRE score report?

Ans. 15 to 20 days following the exam date, you will receive a report with your official GRE result.

Ques. How long are GRE scores valid?

Ans. Five years after the test date, the GRE results are still valid.

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